Breast Cancer in Men

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Breast cancer in men is uncommon. Less than 1 per cent of all breast cancers occur in men. Although men of all ages can be affected with the disease, the average age at diagnosis is between 60 and 70.

What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Men?

Risk factors may include a family history of breast cancer in female relatives. Other factors may include radiation exposure and medical conditions associated with high oestrogen states, such as cirrhosis of the liver.

What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men and How Is it Treated?

Every man may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include breast lumps, nipple inversion, a nipple discharge (sometimes bloody) or atypical pain or a pulling sensation in the breast. Keep in mind that these symptoms of breast cancer may resemble many other medical conditions. It is important to consult your doctor for advice. Overall survival rates are similar to that of women with breast cancer.

The main treatment Viagra Australia is surgical removal, and other treatment options include radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is a rare cancer in men and usually involves a cancer elsewhere in the body spreading to the liver. The main cause of cancer originating in the liver itself is the hepatitis B virus infection, which is why vaccination against hepatitis B is so important for individuals at risk of contracting it. This virus spreads through contact with infected blood. Other infections that can cause liver cancer include hepatitis C, which is also spread via infected blood and other body fluids. Cirrhosis, usually but not always caused by excess alcohol, can also cause liver cancer. Some foodstuffs such as aflatoxin mould on peanuts, for example, can cause liver cancer.

Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Symptoms of liver cancer include yellow jaundice, loss of appetite, weight loss and pain or swelling in the upper abdomen.

Prevention of Liver Cancer

The best way to prevent liver cancer is to avoid hepatitis B or C infection. The most common form of hepatitis (hepatitis A) is not a risk factor for liver cancer. Hepatitis B and C are spread by contact with contaminated body fluids, most commonly blood or saliva. Practising safe sex, including the use of condoms, and avoiding sharing needles are important. There is a vaccine available to prevent hepatitis B. Unfortunately there is no vaccine available yet for the hepatitis C infection. You can also help prevent liver cancer by avoiding drinking excess alcohol, thereby preventing liver cirrhosis.

Treatment of Liver Cancer

Specific treatment for cancer will be determined by your doctors in consultation with you. Factors to be taken into consideration will include:

  • The extent of the cancer – how far it has spread
  • Your overall health, age and other medical conditions
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
  • Your ideas, concerns and expectations
  • Your opinions or preferences