Archive for the ‘Health’ Category


Alcohol and Drugs: Disease Cannabis

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Ho w Does It Work?

Cannabis affects special areas of the brain called cannabinoid receptors, which are mainly found in areas of the brain that influence pleasure, thoughts, and sensory and time perception.

Cannabis gets into the bloodstream quickly after being taken and tends to build up in fatty tissues throughout the body. It is stored there and it can take several weeks for the body to eliminate it. This is why cannabis can sometimes be detected in urine up to 56 days after it has last been used.

What Are Its Effects?

Short-term use of cannabis can affect people in different ways. These can include a temporary ‘high’, a sense of relaxation or contentment (of being ‘stoned’), becoming more talkative and sometimes having a sense of time slowing down. Changes in awareness can make colours seem more intense and music sound better. Cravings for food (having the ‘munchies’) and hallucinations (when you see or hear something that isn’t there) may occur. Short-term memory, concentration and learning can be affected. Cannabis can also cause feelings of nausea, fatigue and loss of energy and can affect your coordination. The feelings are usually only temporary, although the drug can stay in the system for some weeks.

Long-term cannabis use can have a depressant effect, reducing motivation and leading to apathy. Short-term memory, concentration and learning can be affected. This can lead to poor performance at work or school.

Health Risks of Cannabis

Smoking cannabis damages your throat and lungs just like cigarettes do. It can cause hoarseness, a chronic cough and bronchitis as well as lung damage, including lung cancer. Indeed, smoking cannabis is thought to be even worse for your lungs than cigarettes. Cannabis can affect male fertility by leading to a decreased sperm count and reduced sperm mobility.

Mental health problems can include confusion, anxiety, panic, depression, paranoia and schizophrenia. Regular use of the drug increases the risk of developing a psychotic episode or long-term schizophrenia.


Speed (amphetamine) is a man-made stimulant that is usually swallowed in pill form. It can also be a powder that is dissolved in liquid for injection or drinking. Amphetamine is a stimulant, which quickens the heartbeat and can increase energy levels, making the user feel more confident. It can also cause anxiety, panic and paranoia, as well as impaired memory and concentration. The ‘come down’ period, when the effects wear off, can last for days, with users feeling very tired and depressed and having symptoms of anxiety and panic. Sleep disturbance is very common and can keep users awake for days afterwards.


Coping with Sperm Banking

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Local Research Ethics Committees’ approval was obtained.


Single interviews were undertaken that focused on the young men’s Vardenafil online pharmacy and parents’ retrospective perceptions of the content and style of communication within the family and with professionals surrounding the decision-making about, and management of, sperm storage following a diagnosis of cancer. A qualitative approach was used to allow respondents to raise issues pertinent to them. Prompts were made either for clarification or when respondents appeared to have completed their narrative. Towards the end, the researcher invited comment on areas not spontaneously covered using a topic guide. Permission was given for all interviews to be taped and transcribed.

Framework analysis was used to analyse the interview data. Two researchers, including the one who conducted the interviews, separately read and analysed the transcripts to identify themes, then a final framework was reached through discussion between the researchers. Respondents were sent summaries of the analysis before the full report was written in order to test the researchers’ interpretations against the research participants’ perceptions. Finally, findings from the interviews with professionals, the young men and their parents were compared.


Potential recruits who were under 18 (the age of consent in England) and post-Tanner Stage 22 at diagnosis were approached by paediatric oncology staff when they were not undergoing intensive treatment Cialis medstore online. Their involvement was discussed with their parents/carers where appropriate (and always if they were under 16). Parents were invited to be interviewed, with their sons’ permission.

Due to high levels of relapse in the potential sample, only nine young men were approached. Of these, seven young men and five sets of parents agreed to participate. Five young men were interviewed alone while two opted to have a parent present.

There was a diversity among the young men according to age (14 to 17 at diagnosis and 16 to 20 at interview); ethnicity (six White, one Asian); disability (one had a prior physical disability and at least one had learning difficulties); living situation (with a single parent, both parents, another family member and alone; and employment situation (in education, full time employment, unemployed/on sick leave) and cancer type. Two parents were lone parents; three were from twoparent families.

To maintain confidentiality, their situation is not generally referred to. The analysis did not reveal differences related to specific situations. Quotes are drawn from all respondents.