For those people who are living with joint pain, life can sometimes be miserable. This debilitating condition robs people of mobility and also happiness. The causes of joint pain are varied and, fortunately, so are treatments for it.
Causes of Joint Pain
1. Injury — Strains, sprains, dislocations, separations and broken bones can all lead to discomfort in joints. Injuries to the muscles and tendons contribute to this pain because as the injury heals, scar tissue develops, creating tightness and pulling on the joints.
2. Infections — Septic arthritis is caused by a bacterial infection. Other infections that contribute are hepatitis, Lyme disease, influenza and measles.
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3. Autoimmune Disorders — A number of autoimmune disorders cause pain and damage to joints, including Sjogren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. In these conditions the immune system malfunctions and begins attacking healthy tissue.
4. Degenerative Conditions — Bursitis, gout and osteoarthritis are all examples of degenerative conditions that weaken the joints and cause pain. They get worse over time and are difficult to prevent.
5. Lifestyle — Leading a sedentary lifestyle with little attention to regular exercise can lead to joint discomfort as muscles weaken and no longer properly support the skeletal system. Additionally, being overweight puts excessive strain on the joints, causing pain and, potentially, injury.
Treatments of Joint Pain
1. Rest — If your pain is caused by an injury, the best thing you can do is rest the area. Give it time to heal and soon you will be back on your feet.
2. Ice and Heat — Alternating heat with ice can be very helpful for reducing swelling and making the affected joint more comfortable. Be sure not to go for more than twenty minutes with either ice or heat and wrap the source in a towel or blanket so that you don’t suffer a frostbite or burn.
3. Medication — Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin can ease the swelling and tenderness and give you pain relief. For pain that is severe or caused by an infection or autoimmune disorder, your doctor will likely prescribe some anti-inflammatories that are stronger than those found over the counter or medications developed to treat your specific condition.