Archive for the ‘Joint Pain’ Category


Joint Pain: Causes and Treatments

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For those people who are living with joint pain, life can sometimes be miserable. This debilitating condition robs people of mobility and also happiness. The causes of joint pain are varied and, fortunately, so are treatments for it.

Causes of Joint Pain

1. Injury — Strains, sprains, dislocations, separations and broken bones can all lead to discomfort in joints. Injuries to the muscles and tendons contribute to this pain because as the injury heals, scar tissue develops, creating tightness and pulling on the joints.

2. Infections — Septic arthritis is caused by a bacterial infection. Other infections that contribute are hepatitis, Lyme disease, influenza and measles.

3. Autoimmune Disorders — A number of autoimmune disorders cause pain and damage to joints, including Sjogren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. In these conditions the immune system malfunctions and begins attacking healthy tissue.

4. Degenerative Conditions — Bursitis, gout and osteoarthritis are all examples of degenerative conditions that weaken the joints and cause pain. They get worse over time and are difficult to prevent.

5. Lifestyle — Leading a sedentary lifestyle with little attention to regular exercise can lead to joint discomfort as muscles weaken and no longer properly support the skeletal system. Additionally, being overweight puts excessive strain on the joints, causing pain and, potentially, injury.

Treatments of Joint Pain

1. Rest — If your pain is caused by an injury, the best thing you can do is rest the area. Give it time to heal and soon you will be back on your feet.

2. Ice and Heat — Alternating heat with ice can be very helpful for reducing swelling and making the affected joint more comfortable. Be sure not to go for more than twenty minutes with either ice or heat and wrap the source in a towel or blanket so that you don’t suffer a frostbite or burn.

3. Medication — Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin can ease the swelling and tenderness and give you pain relief. For pain that is severe or caused by an infection or autoimmune disorder, your doctor will likely prescribe some anti-inflammatories that are stronger than those found over the counter or medications developed to treat your specific condition.


Degenerative Joint Disease Causes and Home Treatments

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The degenerative joint disease causes are typically wear and tear injuries that occur over time. In fact, advanced age is a major risk factor of degenerative joint disease and it is rare for anyone over the age of 70 to be unaffected in some way by this progressive disorder. However, treatments are available that can help decrease the pain and stiffness associated with degenerative joint disease.

Degenerative Joint Disease Causes

Though degenerative joint disease, also known as osteoarthritis, can come on as a consequence of everyday life, its onset can be sped up by certain factors.

  • Trauma due to sports
  • Trauma from work-related activities or injuries
  • Repetitive motions of a joint for a long time
  • Infection in a joint
  • Excess weight, which puts pressure on the weight bearing joints.

Degenerative joint disease is common in the weight bearing joints (spine, hips, knees, ankles, feet, and toes) but can also occur in the non-weight bearing joints (shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands, and fingers).

If you wake in the morning with stiffness, which goes away after moving for about 30 minutes, you likely have osteoarthritis. This is a classic sign of the disorder as is pain in the joints that is aggravated by exercise and relieved by rest.

Degenerative Joint Disease Home Treatments

You will not be able to completely cure degenerative joint disease but you can treat the symptoms and lessen the pain and stiffness. Below I have listed some common home remedies for degenerative joint disease:


  • OTC (over-the-counter) drugs like acetaminophen (Tylenol) are the first remedy tried by most osteoarthritis sufferers. Aspirin will have similar pain-relieving effects but may be harder on your stomach.
  • NSAIDS (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and naproxen can provide some relieve from pain and are commonly thought of as a step up from Tylenol or Aspirin. Talk with your doctor if you feel a need for regular use of these pain relievers.
  • OTC glucosamine and condroitin formulas have mixed results but some claim good results with their regular use.
  • There are a number of pain-relieving lotions and creams. Try Capsaicin (Zostrix), this may feel unusual at first but has proven to be helpful for the temporary relief of degenerative joint disease.
  • Hot or cold packs may provide temporary relieve. Hot packs can warm the joint and aid in pain-free movement. Cold packs help reduce swelling and pain that may occur following exercise.

Allow sufficient time to rest the affected joint and if repetitive movements aggravate the symptoms, take step to change your routine.

You do not want to avoid exercise because it helps to keep your joints mobile. However, you may need to shift your exercise routine to exercises that do not stress your joints. Swimming and water activities are non-weight bearing exercises. You can also walk instead of jog to put knees under less stress.

Alternative treatments like acupuncture and massage may provide you with relief.


Hip Joint Pain?

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The joint in the hip, scientifically known as the acetabulofemoral joint, is a ball-and-socket joint that attaches the leg to the torso of the body. It functions primarily to support the entire weight of the body in both static, like standing, and dynamic, such as walking or running postures. Pain over this joint structure is common in all ages but appears more often in people who are over 40 years of age as a result of aging. As a person ages, the joints, muscles and tendons become weaker and tend to lose elasticity and strength. This makes the person vulnerable to various injuries that can result to hip pain. Any disease or injury that causes inflammation to the spaces in between hip joints will result to the stretching of hip capsules, which leads to pain.

Hip fracture is the most common reason for hip pain. Fractures are usually due to falls, which is commonly due to aging. In aged individuals, osteoporosis and loss of balance are common which can result to accidents such as falls. Hip fractures are serious cases requiring prompt treatment and management. Usually fractures happen at the proximal or upper part of the femur. During these instances, it is necessary to identify the precise location of the fracture so that the clinician will be able to know the type of operation needed to repair the injury. Aside from falls, any trauma can potentiate hip fractures. A portion of the pelvis may be fractured in these cases.

The initial pain caused by hip fractures may be in, but is not limited to, the hip area. There are instances in which, although there is the presence of hip pain, experts are not able to detect problems in the hip area. Diagnostic exams and imaging studies such as x-rays do not reflect problems in the hip, but other health problems like hernia, sciatica, meralgia paresthetica. In this case, hip pain is known only as referred pain. Other traumatic injuries that can lead to hip joint pain include contusions or bruises, overuse injuries, and hip bursitis. Any health condition that can cause systematic inflammation like synovitis or inflammation of the lining of the hip joints, in the body can affect the condition of the hip joints.

Osteoarthritis is known as the most common cause of hip pain in people over the age of 50. Other types of arthritis, which are also known to cause hip pain, include rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Several other possible factors that can lead to hip pain include osteonecrosis, trochanteric bursitis, fibromyalgia, tendonitis and infection. Although hip pain may indicate serious complications, it is still necessary to perform certain home methods that will help alleviate pain. Examples of these methods are rest, warm or cold compress, stretching exercises, physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medications.


Joint Pain – A Serious Problem of Today

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Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the United States, preventing 50 million adults from having an active lifestyle. Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder, causing stiffness and pain in the joints. Osteoarthritis is caused by the growth of bone spurs and degeneration of cartilage in joints. Arthritis commonly occurs in adults over 45. Women develop arthritis more often than men.

Based on data gathered by the NHIS, by the year 2030, a projected 67 million adults over the age of 18 will have diagnosed arthritis. Of those 67 million, about 25 million will report a limitation in activity due to arthritis.

The most common symptoms of arthritis are tenderness to the touch, swelling or inflammation of the area, a bruised feeling, and/or restriction in movement. All of the symptoms may have several causes. A physical exam, medical history, X-rays, MRIs, bone scans, and urine tests help a doctor diagnose the problem.

Another cause of joint pain is bursitis, or inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that cushions bony prominences. These sacs allow muscles and tendons to move freely over the bone. Treatment for bursitis may involve surgery to open the affected joint and drain infected fluid.

The most pain common treatments doctors prescribe in the U.S. are non-steroidal anti-inflammatorys (NSAIDS). These quickly relieve pain by reducing swelling and are also analgesic treatments. A common side effect is stomach irritation after use over a couple of days. After extended periods of use, they may cause ulcers, bleeding in the stomach, as well as other gastrointestinal problems.

Other drugs commonly used to treat joint pain are corticosteroids. They are administered either orally or by injection directly into the inflamed joints. These drugs can cause lasting and significant side effects. With long-term use, collagen production is affected, which can speed up joint decay. Corticosteroids can also cause dermatitis and acne on the skin, and lead to vast changes in the nervous system.

Acufit Foot Mats combine three forms of alternate therapy (acupressure, pyramid, and magnet) that may be beneficial for adults suffering with arthiritis. Energy flows throughout the body in twelve energy channels called meridians. Each one is associated with particular parts of the body. When pressure is applied to critical points, the flow of energy is stimulated, which frees blockages and restores good health.

Benefits of Acufit Magnetic Foot Mats

A session with an acupuncturist can cost anywhere from $85-$150, but Acufit magnetic mats cost half the price and can be used from the comfort of home for about 5 minutes a day. You have to stand on this and it really uses reflex muscles of the foot.

Acupressure therapy releases blocked energy into the body by stimulating acupoints. Traditional Chinese medicine says that imbalance or obstruction in the energy flow of the meridian causes the organ it’s associated with to not function properly. Acupressure is designed to get the energy flow back to normal in the affected meridian and organ so that they may resume normal function.